A Brief History of Pool and Pool Tables

Pool, or billiards, has been around for centuries. Once a game mainly for the nobility, pool has become a mainstay feature in bars, resorts, game halls, and homes for a wide range of people across all walks of life.

The game got its start prior to the 1600’s, when it was popular with the nobility. Shakespeare mentions the sport in “Antony and Cleopatra,” and there are historical records of the game being popular all across Europe, particularly in England and France. Originally, players played with mace-like objects instead of cue sticks, which were not developed until the latter half of the 17th Century.

After the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, the game changed again. Chalk and leather cue tips were developed, giving players the ability to apply spin on the balls and exert more control. This gave rise to the term “English,” or putting spin on a ball, since English players were the pioneers of the technique.

Pool tables have also evolved. The original pool tables were flat surfaces that had simple rails to keep the balls from falling off the playing surface. These railings were called “banks” because they resembled the banks of a river. It is from this that the term “bank shot” was coined, since players soon discovered they could deliberately hit the balls off the rails for better shots.

Originally, pool tables were made of wood, but also during the Industrial Revolution, a new material was used in table construction – slate. Slate was seen as more durable than wood, which had a tendency to warp over time and distort the playing surface. Soon, all tables were created with slate beds, resulting in a more consistent performance over time. Also during this time, new advances in vulcanization resulted in new rubber that could be used for rail cushions, which increased the durability of the table. By 1850, pool tables had achieved the form and size that we essentially know today, with regulation dimensions of 4.5 feet by nine feet.

The games that can be played on pool tables vary. They include eight-ball, nine-ball, one-pocket, bank, four-ball billiards, straight pool, ten-ball, and other variants. The game has turned into a sport that is even televised, with national and international competitions held throughout the year. And today, more and more homeowners are adding tables to their homes and spreading the love for pool to younger generations.

Advantages of Using Aluminium Composite Panels

Unlike the usual metal sheets, the Aluminium composite panels are extremely durable as well lightweight. This enables you to use them to develop stronger structures without wasting too much time on installation. Made from a blend of aluminium and plastic, these composite panels are extremely easy to handle even when you are using the machine. Used in commercial as well as residential constructions, the Aluminium composite panels are an affordable solution to many of the new age construction problems.

Easy to fold

Folded structures are one of the most common uses of Aluminium composite panels. Using the correct equipment, these panels can be completely soared and turned at the angle that you desire. Thanks to this flexibility, these composite panels are gradually emerging as a preferred choice for people across domains. What’s more is that these panels come with a complete finish from the factory itself. This in turn ensures that you don’t have to waste time and money on painting, once you complete the installation. All you need to do is peel off the installation when the site is ready.

Easy to handle

The unique design of the aluminium container panels makes them extremely compact lightweight. Being lightweight ensures that you can conveniently handle these panels on the construction site. Additionally, the compactness makes it easy for you to store these panels on the construction site without blocking too much space.

Hassle free maintenance!

Using aluminium container panels also comes with a hassle-free maintenance routine. You can comfortably wipe off the dust and dirt on the panel on a regular basis with a clean cloth. Also, the hassle free maintenance routine ensures that your panels look like new for a relatively longer duration of time.

More colourful variants

Metal sheets can be boring due to their monotonous shades. Also, there are chances that none of these shades matches the interior decoration of your premises. On the other hand, aluminium composite panels come in various colours. Depending on the existing interiors of the premises or the tentative plan, you can choose a good colour combination that best suits your requirements.

Long lasting

When you install metal sheets, there is a constant risk of corrosion caused due to the moisture present in the external environment. However, the aluminium metal composite panels are a mix of metal and plastic, this automatically increases their ability to resist corrosion. In simple terms, the aluminium container panels come across as a more affordable and long lasting investment.

Four Important Things To Know About HVAC Systems

HVAC stands for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning. Its basic design enhances vehicular and indoor environmental comfort and promotes overall improved air quality. A sub-discipline of engineering mechanics, HVAC technology is rooted in the conventions of heat transfer and thermodynamics which play incredibly important roles in the construction of structures which house office space, industrial buildings and complexes, such as apartment buildings and high rises, and in the marine environments of aquariums, where healthy (and safe) conditions are strictly regulated apropos of humidity and temperature.

Functions

The three main functions of heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning are correlative, especially with the need to enhance environmental comfort and to provide acceptable indoor air quality within reasonable manufacturing, installation and maintenance costs. HVAC systems provide fresh ventilation, reduce malodorous air infiltration, and equalize pressure relationships between neutral spaces. The fluctuation of air between neutral spaces is colloquially known as “room air distribution.”

Explaining Its Most Important Feature-Ventilation

Ventilation is the means by which air is recycled in any enclosed area to control overall room temperature or to remove any combination of odors, smoke, dust, moisture, excessive heat, airborne bacteria, or carbon dioxide, and to replenish stale oxygen. Ventilation includes both the swapping of air with the outside as well as the constant recycling of fresh air within the structure. It is one of the most important factors for maintaining more than acceptable indoor air quality in buildings. Stagnant air can enhance a structure’s susceptibility to carbon monoxide buildup, and HVAC systems are integral in maintaining safe levels of fresh air.

Dangers Of Bad Ventilation

Without appropriate ventilation, carbon monoxide (CO) can be deadly even if inhaled in small doses. Minimal carbon monoxide exposure can induce and abet ailments such as headaches, fatigue, nausea, and concentrated vomiting. Carbon monoxide binds with the blood’s hemoglobin, making carboxyhemoglobin, reducing immensely the blood’s ability to transport oxygen throughout the body. The primary health concerns associated with carbon monoxide exposure are its cardiovascular and effects on the neurosystem. Carbon monoxide can cause hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and can also trigger massive heart attacks and strokes. Neurologically, even minute exposure to carbon monoxide can have a negative affect on hand/eye coordination, alertness, and regular performance. It can also have a disorienting effect.

Disease Killer

Natural ventilation greatly reduces the spread of airborne illnesses such as tuberculosis, influenza, meningitis and the common cold. Opening doors, windows, and utilizing ceiling fans are all ways to maximize natural ventilation flow and reduces the risk of airborne contagions from hanging around. Natural ventilation is relatively inexpensive in comparison and easy to maintain.

Before contracting to build your company’s next project, consider speaking with an HVAC expert about fresh air systems.

Options for Fire Protection Services

Fire is a very scary threat we must all consider, whether we’re talking about homes or commercial properties. Both host a number of electronic devices, the wires that go with them and other items that could easily start a fire. While it’s important to remember that such an incident is extremely rare, that’s no reason not to be prepared. Today there are more fire protection services than ever before. The following are examples that deserve your consideration.

Fire Extinguishers

This is an obvious one that most people are familiar with. If a fire breaks out, fire extinguishers are a great way to respond. They’re especially good for small ones that can be easily contained, but would otherwise turn into a much greater problem. Someone with an extinguisher can eliminate the threat in seconds.

Though they’re fairly user friendly, many people don’t know how they work. All you have to do is remember the acronym, P.A.S.S. It stands for:

• Pull the pin out. Once the pin is removed, you want to hold the nozzle away from you before releasing the locking mechanism.
• Aim the nozzle low. You always want to aim the extinguisher at the lowest point of the fire.
• Slowly squeeze the lever. Provide even pressure so as not to slip or jerk the extinguisher around.
• Sweep your nozzle back and forth to make sure the fire is completely covered.

For best results, make sure your fire extinguisher is always easy to find. At home, your whole family should be reminded where it is. In a commercial building, it should be mounted on a wall with a sign that indicates its location. In both situations, you need to train people in how to use it.

Every six years, your extinguisher needs to be inspected, especially the gauge as pressure may have dropped if the container was compromised.

Smoke Detectors

Obviously, another hallmark of fire protection services is a smoke detector. These are especially good for the home when people may not be in the room when a fire is starting. Nonetheless, this important component of your fire protection services can help alert you to its presence. Just be sure you test your unit once a month to ensure it’s still working properly.

Sprinkler Systems

Even if you have a fire extinguisher handy, nothing compares to a sprinkler system. Each head is only activated if the temperature around it gets to about 150 degrees Fahrenheit. At that point, a glass valve breaks and allows water to pour forward.

The great thing about this system is that it doesn’t need a human to activate or use it. No one even needs to be present for a sprinkler system to save the day. Even if people are around, they can find safety while the system does its job.

Furthermore, because these sprinklers act independently of one another, property damage is greatly limited. For this reason, insurance companies may give you better premiums because they know that, in case of a fire, your building is better protected and your property is less likely to get damaged.

As with all fire protection services, a sprinkler system needs regular maintenance. Mainly, you should check the valve once a week just to be sure it’s still locked in the open position. You also want to keep an eye on individual sprinkler heads. They should never be obscured, painted over or damaged.

Every few months, have a professional check in on your system to ensure it’s still in working order. Your local municipality and/or insurance company may have something to say about how often you need it looked at too.

Response Plan

No discussion on fire protection services would be complete without talking about a response plan. Whether it’s your family or your staff, you need everyone to know where the exits are around them. Obviously, at home, parents will be in charge of getting everyone out. However, at work, you’ll need to appoint people for the job.

In both scenarios, your fire protection services need to involve practicing the routine so you’re ready to go if you ever actually need it.

Proper fire protection services don’t need to take a lot of work or even be expensive. However, you do need to be familiar with them and test them regularly to ensure they’ll work when it counts.

What You Need To Know When Building 8×6 Shed

One of the most exciting way to add storage space when your home or garage seems a little too cluttered due to storing gardening machines, supplies, household tools and other home improvement equipment, is building a shed. Of course, building an 8×6 shed may take you couple of days to finish but this can offer you a perfect storage for your equipment.

However, if you have decided to build one but has no idea on how or where to start, it is a great news that looking for helpful tips, plans and other important information that can guide you through the whole process is quite easy especially when you have access to the internet. If you are about to start building your shed, here are some helpful information you need to know:

Building Permit – A common misconception about building permits only required when building a shed that is 100 square feet is popular, however, this will be depending on your town. Cities and Counties differ in their rules for sheds and for some, regardless of the size of your shed, from 8×6, 8×12 or 10×10 shed, applying for building permit is important. This is because building inspectors in your town will want to make sure that the shed will be durable and will not cause harm by sinking to the ground or suffering roof collapse. Also, they will want to check whether the location of your shed is encroaching on wetlands or sitting on top of septic system.

The Right Shed for Your Needs – In making this decision, you need to understand that sheds will be one of the big purchases an individual will make and since you’re going to live with them anyway, you need to be exact as to what you want and what you need, get one that is larger than what you need now and consider whether you have time to build your own or is it more convenient for you to purchase premade sheds.

Select the Right Site – Choosing the right location for your shed is important. The right site should be relatively level, dry and easily accessible. Avoid building in a low-lying area that collects water as this will make the surrounding area of the shed to be soggy all the time and will expose your equipment as well as the shed to excessive moisture that will cause rotten woods, rust hinges and exposure to mold and mildew.